学习啦>学习英语>英语知识大全>《一般过去时的用法》正文

一般过去时的用法

时间:2020-05-07 12:06:26本文内容及图片来源于读者投稿,如有侵权请联系xuexila888@qq.com 楚薇 彩运来官方网

   一般过去时是英语中常见的一种时态,代表过去发生的动作,事情,下面小编带你学好英语的一般过去时。

    定义

  一般过去时常与过去时间yesterday, this morning, just now, a moment ago, in May, last night / year / week, once upon a time, the other day, before …, when – clause, in the past连用。

  如:What did you do yesterday? 昨天你干了什么?

  I met Lin Tao this morning. 今天上午我会到了林涛。

  I was there a moment ago. 刚才我在那儿

   用法说明

  1表示在过去某个时间所发生的动作或所处的状态。 常与yesterday, last week, in 1989, just now, a moment ago, the other day等连用。

  如:He was here just now. 他刚才还在这里。

  What did you do yesterday? 你昨天做了什么事?

  2在过去一段时间内的经常性或习惯性动作。

  如:We often played together when we were children. 我们小时候常在一起玩。

   一般过去时对谓语动词的要求

  一般过去时用动词的过去式构成。即一般过去时的谓语动词要用动词的过去式。动词过去式的构成分规则变化和不规则变化两种形式,不规则变化通常需要逐个记忆,规则变化则遵循以下原则:

  (1) 一般在动词后加-ed。如:play—played, offer—offered, weigh—weighed, destroy— destroyed, sign—signed.

  (2) 在以字母e结尾的动词后,只加-d。如:like—liked, provide—provided, hate — hated, date—dated。

  (3) 在以“辅音字母+y”结尾的动词后,则改y为i,再加—ed。如:supply—supplied, fly—flied, study— studied. (from www.yygrammar.com)

  (4) 在以单短元音的重读闭音节结尾且,末尾只有一个辅音字母的动词后,双写最后一个辅音字母,再加-ed。如:plan—planned, refer—referred, reGREt—reGREtted, ban—banned.

  特别说明

  有些动词的过去时,如:expect, hope, intend, plan, wanted 等一般过去时,后接不定式的完成时;或它们的过去完成时接不定式的一般式,都可表示过去未曾实现的意图、打算或希望。

  如:I hoped to have been invited to his wedding party. —I had hoped to be invited to his wedding ceremony. 我本希望他来邀请我参加他的婚礼。

  I intended to have joined their games. —I had intended to join their games. 我本打算参加他们的比赛。

  注:表示过去经常发生的动作还可用used to 和would。

  如:He used to smoke a lot, but he doesn’t now. 他过去经常抽烟,但现在不抽了。

  Whenever we were in trouble, he would help us. 每当我们遇到困难,他都会帮助我们。

  3表示主语过去的特征或性格。

  如:At that time she was very good at English. 那时她英语学得很好。

  4用在状语从句中表示过去将来。

  如:He said he would wait until they came back.

  5一般过去时有时可以表示现在,多与 want, hope, wonder, think, intend 等动词连用,使语气更委婉。

  如:I wondered if you could help me. 不知你能不能帮我一下。

  有时用一般过去时也是时态一致的需要。

  如:I didn’t know you were here. 没想到你在这里。

  注意:

  1. 表示一系列的动作,尽管有先后,都用一般过去时,最后两个动词之间用and连结。如: He opened the door, rushed out and then disappeared. 他打开门,冲了出去,然后就消失了。

  2. 注意在语境中理解“我刚才/原来还不……”。

  如:—Your phone number again? I didn’t quite catch it. —It’s 2566666. 请再说一次你的电话号码,好吗?我刚才没听清楚。是2566666。

  随堂练习:

  一.写出下列动词的过去式。

  1.am/is ________ 2.do _______ 3.go ________ 4.have _______

  5.isn’t _________ 6. aren’t ________ 7.spend________ 8.cook_______

  9.read ________ 10.clean _______ 11.live _______ 12.study_________

  二.用适当的词完成下列对话。

  1.— How was your weekend? — It ______ great.

  — What _______ you ______ last weekend ? — I _______ some homework.

  2.— What ______ she ______ last weekend? — She _______ to the beach.

  3.— What _______ they do last weekend? — They ________ to the movies.

  三.用括号内所给词的适当形式填空。

  1. We _________ (enjoy) ourselves at the party last night.

  2.Jack ____________ (study) for the English test last Sunday.

  3._______ you ______ (go) to the Great Wall last year?

  4. What day _______ (be) it yesterday?

  5.The old man _______(be)ill and went to see a doctor.

  6.We ________ (have) a party last night.

  7.We __________ (visit) the museum and went home.

  8.— How _______ (be) the students? — They were very friendly.

  9.He often _______ (have) supper at home. Today he ______ (have) supper at school.

  10.We had great fun _______ (play) in the water.

  11.That made me ______ (feel) very happy.

  12.— ______ he _______ (have) lunch at nine? — No, he didn’t.

  13.They _________(buy) a guitar yesterday.

  四.句型转换。

  1. He came here last month. (改为否定句) He _______ _______ here last month.

  2..They played football this morning. (改为一般疑问句并作简略回答) —______ they _______ football this morning? —Yes, they _______./No, they _________ .

  3.They went to Beijing last year. (就划线部分提问)

  _________ _________ they ________ last year.

  4.Tom watched TV last night. (改为一般疑问句)

  _______ Tom _______ TV last night?

  5.Mary does homework every day. (用 last night 改写句子)

  Mary ________ ____________ _________ ________ .



一般过去时的用法相关文章:

1.

2.一般过去时的用法有哪些例子

3.关于英语一般过去时的用法

4.一般过去时的用法(2)

5.一般过去时的定义以及用法概念(2)

6.英语语法一般过去时的讲解

7.关于中考英语写作中的一般过去时的详细使用方法讲解

8.英语语法讲解一般过去时

9.高中英语时态用法:一般过去时和一般将来时

学习啦友链、商务、投稿、客服:QQ:3061683909 邮箱3061683909@qq.com

Copyright @ 2006 - 2020 学习啦 All Rights Reserved

学习啦 版权所有 彩运来官方网

我们采用的作品包括内容和图片全部来源于网络用户和读者投稿,我们不确定投稿用户享有完全著作权,根据《信息网络传播权保护条例》,如果侵犯了您的权利,请联系:xuexila888@qq.com,我站将及时删除。

菲律宾申博太阳城官网

回到顶部
网站地图 9188彩票大全 趣彩网官网下载 杏彩平台
申博游戏 菲律宾申博骰宝盅 申博亚洲138 申博138AG游戏
彩部落平台代理 新宝gg官方 宝利娱乐 豪君棋牌下载
万利彩娱乐官网 皇家彩世界pk10 万利彩官网 彩运来官网登陆
杏彩娱乐平台客户端 彩运来怎么样 9188彩票大全 杏彩平台官网
898cw.com 189sunbet.com 987DC.COM 98csb.com 777sbib.com
rq138.com XSB718.COM 156tt.com 984XTD.COM 8PJS.COM
520jbs.com 758sj.com XSB698.COM 383PT.COM 88sbib.com
88sbib.com 657SUN.COM 817XTD.COM 8CYS.COM DC353.COM